Online Reference Guide



additive primary colors
The colors of red, green and blue (RGB) - which give the perception of white when combined equally. These are the colors of the color system used by monitors and scanners.
bi-level data
Image data that is composed of 1 bit per pixel. A pixel is represented by a single bit of digital data that can be expressed as only 1 (light) or 0 (dark).
Short for binary digit. The smallest unit of data in computer processing. A bit can represent one of two values: on, represented by a 1, or off, represented by a 0.
The unit that indicates the number of bits allocated for a pixel. The larger the bit value, the more detail of a pixel will be reproduced.
A scanner function to lighten or darken the output image data.
A unit of information consisting of eight bits. A byte can represent a control code or character.
A component of the scanner that contains the optical sensor and light source for scanning.
color correction
A method of adjusting the color image data for a particular type of device so that the reproduction results are as close as possible to the original colors.
color separation
A process of converting full-color images into a limited number of primary colors. Additive primary colors (red, green, and blue) are used by the scanner, and the subtractive primary colors (cyan, magenta, and yellow) plus black are used for printing press separation.
Color management system for Macintosh that is designed to help you get WYSIWYG (what you see is what you get) color output. This software displays colors on your screen as they are on the scanned documents, or prints colors as you see them on your screen.
A set of values used when no other selections have been made. These are sometimes called factory defaults if the original values have not been changed since the scanner left the factory.
The item, such as a sheet of paper or a book, that is placed on the document table for the scanner to read.
Short for dots per inch. A unit of measurement for resolution. The higher the value, the higher the resolution.
dropout color
A color the scanner does not recognize and ignores. You can select and deselect dropout colors in the scanner software.
Abbreviation for EPSON Standard Code for Image scanners. A system of commands that allows you to control image scanners from your software.
Abbreviation for EPSON Standard Code for Printers. A system of commands that allows you to control printers from your software.
A scanner function that lightens or darkens the scanned image data.
Gamma is a value that expresses the relationship between the input and output of a device. By adjusting the gamma, the brightness of the mid-tones of an image can be changed without affecting the shadows and highlights.
Images represented with various shades of gray in addition to black and white.
A method of reproducing images with patterns of dots to improve the quality of the output.
home position
The position at the rear (nearest the cover hinge position) of the scanner where the carriage rests before a scanning operation.
Image Color Matching. Windows color management system designed to help you get WYSIWYG (what you see is what you get) color output. This software displays colors on your screen as they exist on the scanned documents, or prints colors as you see them on your screen.
A device that uses computer files to produce high-resolution text and graphics output on film or paper. These are usually found in service bureaus and printing companies.
impact dot printer
A printer that transfers ink onto the paper by striking an ink ribbon with a number of small pins.
ink jet printer
A printer that transfers ink onto the paper by spraying the ink through a number of small nozzles.
A piece of hardware, a method, or a standard used for connection between or among computer devices.
line sequence
A type of color scanning that separates primary colors line by line. The carriage makes only one pass.
A moveable and adjustable frame that marks the area of an image that will be previewed or scanned.
A moiré is a cross-hatch pattern that appears on scanned images when scanning printed material. It is a result of interference that occurs due to the difference between the pitches of the scanning and the halftone screens.
Black and white images, or images represented only by the intensity of luminosity.
Optical Character Recognition
The technology that allows computers to "read" text from physical objects. OCR requires a graphical representation of text to interpret, which usually comes from a scanned image.
page sequence
The type of color scanning in which the entire image is scanned once for each separate color.
Short for picture element. Each image is composed of a number of pixels. Pixels are also counted in units of dots.
plain bi-level
Bi-level image data without the halftoning process.
An interface channel through which data is transmitted between devices.
primary colors
Basic colors. See additive primary colors and subtractive primary colors.
Indication of how finely an image is resolved into pixels. Can be measured in dots per inch (dpi), pixels per inch (ppi), or samples per inch (spi).
An operation performed by the sensor and the carriage. The image is divided into pixels by scanning.
scanning area
The physical size of the image that can be scanned by the scanner.
A standard color space used as the default color space within the Windows 98 color management system (ICM 2.0).
subtractive primary colors
The colors of cyan, magenta, and yellow (CMY) which produce black when mixed in certain amounts. In printing, black is often added to give more definition as mixing of actual inks cannot produce pure black.
A reference point that is used to determine whether data will be processed as "on" or "off". In the case of color image data, "on" means that a certain color will appear in a pixel or dot, and "off" means that color will not appear there.
tone correction
A method of adjusting the tone curve so that the reproduction results on different types of output devices have gradations similar to the original image.
tone curve
The graph that shows the contrast ratio between the input (original image) and output (image data) in image processing.
unsharp mask
Originally a photographic process in which a sharply focussed and a slightly out-of-focus image are combined to produce a sharper image. This process is simulated by software to produce the same effect.
A Universal Serial Bus. A hardware interface for connecting low-speed peripherals such as a keyboard, mouse, scanner, or printer to the computer.
USB hub
A device that normally provides four TYPE A sockets to increase the number of USB ports on a PC.


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